P2-CA-Maritime-moving bridge at night horizontal img0085.BMP
P3-CA-Maritime-REFLECTION ~0055015.BMP
PA1-CA-Maritime span move.jpg
P2-CA-Maritime-moving bridge at night horizontal img0085.BMP
P3-CA-Maritime-REFLECTION ~0055015.BMP
PA1-CA-Maritime span move.jpg

1997 - Maritime Off-Ramp Bridge at I-80 & I-880

  • Year ABC Built: 1997
  • State: California
  • Owner: State
  • Location: Urban
  • Spans: > Three-span
  • Beam Material: Steel
  • Max Span Length (ft.): 219.00
  • Total Bridge Length (ft.): 2356.00
  • Construction Equipment: Other ABC Method
  • State ID #: 33-623S
  • NBI #:
  • Coordinates:     Latitude: 37.8246002, Longitude: -122.3096008
  • Bridge Description

  • Project Summary:
  • Project Location: Off-ramp at intersection of I-80 and I-880 in City of Oakland, providing access to the Port of Oakland through a U-turn from westbound I-80
  • Mobility Impact Time: ABC: three 10-hour overnight partial closures of I-80 on weekend (10 pm Saturday to 8 am Sunday) ; Conventional: emergency project; conventional construction timeline not developed
  • Impact Category: Tier 1 (within 1 day)
  • Primary Drivers:

    reduced traffic impacts

  • Dimensions: 2,356-ft-long and 35.5-ft to 37.5-ft wide 13-span bridge roll-in; constructed with 13 prefabricated orthotropic sections weighing 250 - 459 tons in 123-ft to 219-ft-long sections
  • Average Daily Traffic (at time of construction): 500000
  • Traffic Management: Traffic management alternative, if constructed conventionally: extended use of detour
  • Existing Bridge Description: The existing bridge, known as the I-880 Cypress Street Viaduct, was a two-level reinforced concrete structure that carried I-880 freeway traffic through downtown Oakland. Built in 1957, the upper roadway collapsed during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The bridge was subsequently demolished.
  • Replacement or New Bridge: The ramp, also known as the Horseshoe Line or “HS” Line, is one of several bridges that take the place of the I-880 Cypress Street Viaduct. It is North America's first curved welded steel orthotropic (orthogonal and isotropic) bridge. The ramp has a three-cell cross-section and 250-ft-radius horseshoe shape. Caltrans chose steel bridges to minimize traffic delays during bridge erection. Designers selected a closed cell structure for the horseshoe shape of the bridge as the most economical shape to resist torsional forces. The substructure includes reinforced concrete "T" bents with a single column with spiral reinforcing ties. Two special bearings connect the superstructure to each "T" bent.
  • Construction Method: The contractor fabricated 13 full-bridge-width orthogonal isotropic sections 7 ft deep and 35.5-ft to 37.5-ft wide, with lengths ranging from 123 to 219 ft per section. All sections were shipped with a steel orthogonal isotropic deck and with installed steel barrier rails. Fabricated steel totaled 5,000 tons.Installation included special heavy-lift hydraulic platforms to move the bridge sections. Each of the 13 bridge sections was moved three times: from the fabrication facility to the barge, from the barge to the staging area beside the freeway, and from the staging area into its final location. The sections were staged on the east side of the freeway and crossed over during night erection during a 10-hr window beginning at midnight on a Saturday. The contractor faced stiff fines for each minute exceeding the time limit. Installation of three of the sections required closing half of the freeway lanes, below which approximately 500,000 vehicles cross per day. The segment over the westbound lanes was erected around midnight on one Saturday night, and the segment over the eastbound lanes was erected the following Saturday night.The contract included an 865-day completion clause with significant incentive / disincentive clauses. A maximum 10-hr overnight closure was allowed, with hourly disincentive if exceeded.Unique seismic detailing includes use of rubber dock fenders as seismic shock absorbers to reduce forces between completed bridge sections. Poly-tetra-fluoro-ethylene (PTFE) spherical bearings allow for rotation and expansion of members and can resist high lateral forces, including seismic forces. A central shear key provides additional lateral capacity.
  • Stakeholder Feedback: (none)
  • High Performance Material: (none)
  • Project Planning

  • Decision Making Tools: (none)
  • Site Procurement: (none)
  • Project Delivery: Design-bid-build
  • Contracting: A+B bidding; Full lane closure; Incentive / disincentive clauses
  • Geotechnical Solutions

  • Foundations & Walls: (none)
  • Rapid Embankment: (none)
  • Structural Solutions

  • Prefabricated Bridge Elements: (none)
  • Prefabricated Bridge Systems: Steel orthotropic box girder spans
  • Miscellaneous Prefabricated: (none)
  • ABC Construction Equipment: Towed modular transporters
  • Cost & Funding

  • Costs: The engineer’s estimate for the 11-bridge interchange was $128.6 million. The low bid was $120.4 million ($8.2 million =6.4% lower than engineer’s estimate). This bridge, one of the 11 bridges, cost $22 million.
  • Funding Source: Federal and State
  • Incentive Program: Other: FEMA emergency relief funds
  • Additional Information

Downloadable Resources

Contract Plans:
Other Related Information:


Photo Credits: California Department of Transportation (Caltrans)



Owner: Alfred R. Mangus, P.E.
California Department of Transportation

Bridge Description Summary Sheet: